The separation between layers of coats due to very poor adhesion.
Dry film thickness.
Time allotted for an applied coating film to reach a set stage of cure or hardness.
A loss of gloss or sheen.
A two phase liquid system in which small droplets of one liquid are immiscible in and are dispersed uniformly
throughout a second continuous liquid phase.
A term used to characterize a coating which has a glossy smooth finish. A common term for alkyd coatings.
A synthetic resin, derived from petroleum products, that can be cured by a catalyst or used to upgrade other
synthetic resins to form a harder, more chemical resistant film.
Loss of gloss or sheen.
Reduced film thickness at the edge of a dry paint film in order to produce a smooth, continuous appearance.
A layer of coating or paint.
The dry film thickness characteristics of a coat.
The continuity of a coating free of defects.
The degree at which a coating is able to conform to movement or deformation of its supporting surface without
cracking or flaking.
A concentration of one of the ingredients of the pigmented portion of a paint at its surface giving rise to a color
The degree to which a wet
A coating which has thickened to a jelly like consistency making it unusable.
The sheen or ability to reflect light.
An activator curing agent, catalyst or cross linking agent.
The ability of a coating to obscure the surface to which it is applied.
A term referring to a paint film which can produce a thick film in a single coat.
Referring to an environment which is continuously submerged in a liquid, often water.
The ability to resist deformation or cracking due to a forceful blow.
Unsuitable for use together because of undesirable chemical or physical effects.
The period of time between mixing of two component products and the moment they can be used.
A non-reactive pigment, filler or extender.
The adhesion between successive coats of paint.
The presence of foreign matter such as dust or dirt between successive coats of paint.
A coating comprised of a synthetic film forming material which is dissolved in organic solvents and dries by solvent
A stable dispersion of a polymer substance in an aqueous medium; a common term for water reducible coatings.
Contains, by weight, less than 0.5% lead for industrial products and less than 0.6% lead in consumer products.
The orientation of pigment flakes in a horizontal plane, usually aluminum.
Softening and raising or wrinkling of a previous coat by the application of an additional coat; often caused by
coatings containing strong solvents.
A term used to describe a heavy bodied coating.
A micrometer or one millionth of a metre.
One one-thousandth of an inch; 0.0001 inches. Commonly used to denote coating thickness.
A thin tack coat usually applied to fill porous surfaces such as plaster.
Spots of different tones and colors next to each other resulting in a blotchy effect on the coating film.
An oil which undergoes little or no oxidation when exposed to air and therefore has no film forming
The ability of a paint film to obliterate or hide the color of the surface to which it is applied.
Sprayed coating that is dry when it hits the surface resulting in dusty, granular adhering particles, reducing gloss and presenting a poor appearance.
The formation of an oxide; the curing mechanisms for alkyds.
(Verb) To apply a thin layer of coating to a substrate by brush, roller, spray or other suitable method.
(Noun) A pigmented liquid designed for application to a substrate, in a thin layer, which is then converted to an solid film. Paint is designed to protect and/or decorate the surface it is applied to.
A measure of acidity and alkalinity; pH 1-7 is acid and pH 7-14 is alkali.
A finely ground natural or synthetic, insoluble particle adding color and opacity or corrosion inhibition to a coating
Pigment / Binder Ratio
A ratio of total pigment to binder solids in paint.
A film defect characterized by small, pore-like flaws in a coating which extend entirely through the film.
An agent added to the resin to aid in flexibility.
A group of synthetic resins which contain repeating ester groups. A special type of modified alkyd resin.
The length of time a paint material is useful after its original package is opened or a catalyst or other curing agent is
The first coat of paint applied to a surface, formulated to have good bonding, wetting and inhibiting properties.
An accelerated testing device designed to evaluate the fading properties of a coating by exposure to high intensity,
Commonly known as thinner.
The ratio of the intensity of reflected light to that of incidental light.
A group of organic materials, either natural or synthetic, which can be molded or dissolved.
A cylinder covered with lamb's wool, felt, foamed plastics or other materials used for applying paint.
Sagging and curtaining of a coating or paint film, usually caused by improper thinning, excessive film build or poor
The ability of a paint to be applied at proper film thickness' without sagging.
The downward movement of a paint film on a vertical surface, between the time of application and drying, resulting in an uneven coating having a thick lower edge.
A coating used on absorbent surfaces prior to painting.
The sinking of pigments, extenders or other solid matter in a paint, on standing in a container, with a consequent
accumulation on the bottom of the can.
A term employed to describe a particular hue or tone.
The maximum time interval in which a material may be kept in a usable condition during storage.
The formation of a solid membrane on the of a liquid, caused by partial curing or drying of the coating during
A liquid in which another substance may be dissolved.
A set of instructions detailing the plan for coating of a project; a list of criteria for a coating.
The surface to be painted.
A liquid (solvent) added to a coating to adjust viscosity.
A coating which is supplied in two parts and must be mixed in the correct portions before use in order to cure.
The coat applied to the surface after preparation and before the application of a finish coat.
A measure of fluidity of a liquid.
A surface defect caused by water droplets depositing a circular ring of contaminants.
Finely divided zinc metal used as a pigment in protective coatings.